Zheng C, Zheng Z, Zhang Z, Meng J, Liu Y, Ke X, Hu Q, Wang H.
Cell Signal. 2015 Sep 1. pii: S0898-6568(15)00249-1. doi: 10.1016/j.cellsig.2015.08.018. [Epub ahead of print]
Precise regulation of NF-κB signaling pathways is essential to effective host immune response. However, the specific molecular mechanism underlying NF-κB activation by different stimuli is not fully understood. Here we demonstrate that IFIT5, one of the interferon induced tetratricopeptide repeat family members, enhances IKK phosphorylation and NF-κB activation through interacting with TAK1 and IKK. Following TNF-α treatment, IFIT5 interacted with TAK1 or IKK complex and synergized the recruitment of IKK to TAK1 in a dose dependent manner. Consistent with these observations, knockdown of IFIT5 decreased the recruitment of IKK to TAK1 and markedly weakened IKK phosphorylation, further reducing the production of NF-κB target genes IL-8 and ICAM-1. Moreover, we found that IFIT5 also promoted SeV-induced IKK phosphorylation and NF-κB activation by regulating the recruitment of IKK to TAK1. Our findings identify a previously unrecognized role of IFIT5 as a positive regulator in IKK phosphorylation and NF-κB activation, highlighting that IFIT5 serves as an important mediator in innate immunity.